Building with Nature BwN Guideline Environments Project phases Governance BwN Knowledge base
Networks Regulatory context Knowledge context Realization framework

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Characteristics of scoping and decision making in public domain

Some key features:

  • Safeguarding general societal interest as well as interests of stakeholders touched upon will be on the agenda.
  • Multiple public and private actors will be involved, among which governments (both governors and civil servants), companies, NGOs, knowledge institutes, experts, stakeholders, action groups.
  • Actors will advocate rival perspectives and ambitions.
  • Knowledge and power is dispersed over actors.
  • Actors line up in networks and coalitions to coordinate efforts.
  • Networks and individual actors apply strategies to influence decisions taken, this refers as well to framing issues and solutions as to building coaltions of actors to influence scoping and decisionmaking.
  • The interdisciplinary knowledge base of BwN alternatives and inherent uncertainty can potentially be used by opponents.
  • A war on reports can be expected, often multiple actors try to strengthen their position by activating their own knowledge supplier.
  • It is often not easy to valuate eco-system services delivered by BwN alternatives and even tougher to bargain an adequate financial arrangement.


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