|Networks||Regulatory context||Knowledge context||Realization framework|
Characteristics of scoping and decision making in public domain
Some key features:
- Safeguarding general societal interest as well as interests of stakeholders touched upon will be on the agenda.
- Multiple public and private actors will be involved, among which governments (both governors and civil servants), companies, NGOs, knowledge institutes, experts, stakeholders, action groups.
- Actors will advocate rival perspectives and ambitions.
- Knowledge and power is dispersed over actors.
- Actors line up in networks and coalitions to coordinate efforts.
- Networks and individual actors apply strategies to influence decisions taken, this refers as well to framing issues and solutions as to building coaltions of actors to influence scoping and decisionmaking.
- The interdisciplinary knowledge base of BwN alternatives and inherent uncertainty can potentially be used by opponents.
- A war on reports can be expected, often multiple actors try to strengthen their position by activating their own knowledge supplier.
- It is often not easy to valuate eco-system services delivered by BwN alternatives and even tougher to bargain an adequate financial arrangement.