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Definition of networks

What are networks? The term network connotes a cluster of inter dependent actors, each of which has an interest in decision making, try to influence the decision (s) and are connected by shared ambitions or pooled resources.

Actors in networks can be 'glued together' by their visions (these type of networks are called discourse networks or policy communities), by their interdependency with regard to resources (called resource independency networks) or by their willingness to win the next battle in the sequence of decisionmaking processes (called an issue network).

Given the fact that resources in society are dispersed over multiple actors, multiple networks and coalitions (consisting of active advocates) can be observed participating in and acting towards arenas. Can there be a network of predominnately individuals? Certainly, often these kind of networks are issue driven and not long lasting.

Definition of actors

What are actors? The term ‘actor’ is used twofold: to appoint individuals and to appoint clusters of individuals who are linked together in an organization and who play a role in the process: such as a municipality, a company, a NGO, an issue or action group, a knowledge institute etc.

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