The natural environment perspective

The natural environment or ecosystem at hand can be a good starting point to look for Building with Nature opportunities. For convenience the following environments, each addressed by the Building with Nature innovation program, are distinguished:

A user entering the Guideline via this route should first consider which of the above described environments most closely resembles the environment he/she is working in. Each environment has its own characteristics and related ecosystem services. The latter determine to a large extent the opportunities to build with nature. Where appropriate the reader is referred to useful examples or practical tools.

The project perspective

Once a concrete project has been identified and initiation, planning, design, construction, operation and maintenance of the infrastructure are within sight, this constitutes an important trigger to consider Building with Nature opportunities. For convenience the following phases have been distinguished:

A user entering the Guideline via this route should first consider which phase of the project realisation process he/she is in. Each phase follows the same design steps although characteristics may vary from phase to phase. Where appropriate the reader is referred to useful examples or practical tools.

The governance perspective

The governance context, i.e. the complex of legislation, regulation, decision making processes, etc., is a crucial element in the development of infrastructures. Triggers and obstacles ensuing from it need due consideration before any Building with Nature opportunities can be realized in practice. For convenience the following governance aspects have been distinguished:

A user entering the Guideline via this route can find practical guidance for dealing with each of these governance aspects. Where appropriate the reader is referred to useful examples or practical tools.

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