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Hydrometeorological Database Management Training



Referring to the Project document 2nd Phase Joint Cooperation Program Proposal and Work for January 2014 - June 2016, the JCP will contribute to the rejuvenation programs that the Indonesian partners have started in recent years through hiring more qualified junior staff. The focus for the 2014 – mid 2016 program will be on, among others is from baseline data to services for projects/programs of WMO RTC. Furthermore, in point 2.6 concerning the strengthening twinning under this component activities will be carried out in which in general only one Indonesian and one Netherlands partner participates. This kind of activities will in general be carried out in the framework of MoU’s between the partners, and an example of activity is to support BMKG and PusAir as WMO Regional Training Centre within RA-V WMO, so called Ina-RTC. In this regards, the training held in Citeko is one of several activities conducted by the Ina-RTC.


The Indonesian Agency for Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics (BMKG) and Research Centre for Water Resources (Pusair) kindly hosted the “Hydro-meteorological Database Management Training” at the WMO Regional Training Centre, in Citeko, Indonesia, from 24 to 27 November 2014. The training was officially opened by Director of Indonesia Regional Training Centre Dr Suko Prayitno Adi, MSi who is also Director of Indonesia State College of Meteorology Climatology and Geophysics (STMKG), that welcomed the participants to the training.

Implementation of the Training

a.        Training on Basic Hydrology

The instructor Dr. Agung Bagiawan started the course by introducing hydrology as the science dealing with the occurrence, circulation, distribution, and properties of waters of the Earth and its atmosphere. The topic to be discussed are hydrology cycles, importance of hydrological data, hydrological network stations, type of data required, duration of record data, quality control of data, and data for hydrological analysis.

He described that PusAir and BMKG could strengthen their cooperation toward a better synergy in providing rainfall data for providing Flood Early Warning System for the benefit of society. He presented the course material enthusiastically those encouraged attendees to know more about hydrology. 

He further described the importance of cooperation between PusAir as National Hydrological Agency and BMKG as National Meteorological Agency, particularly in the field of data exchange, more specific in rainfall and discharge data exchange. The reason is based on factual condition that hydrological and meteorological analysis needs more accurate and quantitative rainfall data.

b.        Training on Database Management

As the trainer, Dr. Urip Haryoko outlined the training material as follows: introduction, data acquisition, data quality control, meta data, data rescue, and data exchange. He introduced that climatology can not be practised without data, but often the climatologist unfortunately does not have exactly the kind of data he needed to fulfill his task. In some countries, climate data is still managed partially and not well integrated in one system, so it is difficult to get a complete database. While data quality check and metadata is often not available, data analysis will be misleading. Climate data is a set of meteorological data which have been collected for a long time, so it should be managed properly by a system, Climate Data Management System (CDMS).


CDMS was introduced by World Meteorological Organization (WMO) and should be adapted by National Meteorological Service. A Climate Data Management System (CDMS) is a set of tools and procedures that allows all data relevant to climate studies to be properly stored and managed (WMO, 2011).

c.        Training on Introduction to Tropical Meteorology Dynamics

The material forwarded to the training is aimed at understanding the type and pattern of meteorological dynamics influencing the weather condition in tropical area, particularly in Indonesia. It is hoped that the audience have ample knowledge on mechanism of weather pattern formation in global, regional and local scales. The content of training includes Energy balance, Atmospheric structure, General circulation of atmosphere, Interannual, intraseasonal, and decadal tropical region variability, Meso and local scale circulation, as well as Local weather analysis.

The difference of weather and climate pattern in each latitude on the Earth is caused by the difference in solar radiation received at different earth surface. Equator is relatively receives more solar energy compared with other latitude. The atmosphere circulation occured due to different energy transfered plays an important role in the formation of weather and climate pattern variation. Weather and climate pattern variability in tropical region is relatively smaller than in other lattitudes, which is caused by energy surplus during the year in tropical region which then resulted to higher temperature. In higher lattitude areas, experiencing the period condition of very hot or very cold which then leads to significant difference in weather or climate pattern for example the occurence of long dry and cold season that never occure in equator area.  

The weather pattern in Indonesia area is influenced by regional and local scale of atmospheric dynamics meanwhile its climate pattern is influenced by global and regional scale. Understanding the weather formation pattern in Indonesia area needs knowledge on atmosphere dynamics mechanism in tropical country because the weather pattern in Indonesia are is directly or indirectly influenced by the atmosphere dynamic condition in tropical country.

c.        Training on Flood Early Warning System

As part of the WMO-RTC training that was conducted from 24 to 27 November 2014, a Flood Early Warning System (FEWS) configuration course was held. The three respective trainers were Mr Daniel Tollenaar of Deltares, Mr Segel Ginting of Pusair, and Mr Bayu Raharja of Deltares. FEWS is presented as a free tool for database management analysis and flood early warning. The training was setup with an introduction presentation and workshops. In workshops the attendees were trained in application of software hands-on, short presentations combined with exercises. After the training the attendees were able to setup its own FEWS configuration after this training to store, validate and process data. Substance of training consisted of ‘Introduction to FEWS’, ‘User training’, and ‘Configuration courses’.

As trainer of ‘Introduction to FEWS’, Mr Daniel Tollenaar presented the capabilities of FEWS to the attendees. An overview of FEWS applications around the world was given.
Trainers Segel Ginting and Bayu Raharja jointly forwarded material on ‘user training’ that was treated capabilities of FEWS which were explored by the attendees using the Jakarta Flood Early Warning System (JFEWS). The JFEWS was installed on attendees’ laptops.
Attention was given to the difference between an application for data storage and analysis ‘stand-alone’ application and an on line system.With support of a presentation given by the trainers, the attendees went through the interface, types of telemetric data, grid-based data (e.g. radar), forecasted data (e.g. WRF) and warning levels. On the same day trainers Segel Ginting and Bayu Raharja continued material on ‘configuration course’.

The XML is the language by which FEWS applications are setup. The structure of XML was explained by the use of Oxygen XML, since this software could be used in trail version for this training. A simple free text-editor (e.g. Notepad++) can be used as alternatives. The function of locations and locations sets, parameters and the FEWS explorer elements were introduced to the attendees after which these subjects were trained by exercises.

Furthermore, trainers Segel Ginting and Bayu Raharja continued material on ‘configuration course’. This day the import of data, validation data and setting thresholds was explained and exercised in the morning. In the afternoon, gap filling of time series and adding rating curves were explained and exercised. The two trainers continued trained ‘configuration course’ concerning importing grid data (TRMM satellite) and the export and dissemination of data was explained and exercised.


a.  List of Training Participants



Nurcahya, ST, M.Si

BBWS Citarum


Andi Supriyadi



Kokom Komariah

Dinas PSDA Jabar


Desi Windatiningsih, ST



Randy Esa, S.Kom



Hanhan Ahmad Sofiyuddin, S.Tp.



Soni Senjaya Efendi, ST



Lintang Galihsukma,S.Si



Asep Ferdiansyah, ST



Ratih Kusuma Hartini

Ditjen SDA


Riefda Novikarani

Pusat Met Publik BMKG


Nurul Pramista

Pusat Met Publik BMKG


Nova Nasari



Edi Marsudi



Mugni Hadi Hariadi

Pusat PIKU


Utoyo Ajie Linarka



Heru Tribuwono



Toni Satria KW

Staklim Pondok Betung


Asep Firman Illahi

Staklim Darmaga


Bambang Suprihadi


b.  List of Training Instructors


Dr. Agung Bagiawan 

2Dr. Urip Haryoko
3Miming Saefudin, M.Si
4Daniel Tollenaar, M.Sc
5Segel Ginting, S.Si
6Bayu Raharja, S.Si


Reference:  Report Of The Hydrometeorological Database Management Training
Contributor: Bambang Suprihadi, STMKG
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