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PART I Salt water intrusion in coastal aquifers
1 Introduction
2 Characteristics of a density dependen groundwater system
2.1 -Chemical characteristics of water
2.2 -Equation of motion : (Darcy's law
2.3 Equation of continuity
2.4 Equation of ), continuity and solute transport
2.5 -Boussinesq approximation
2.6 -Brine groundwater
3 Freshwater head
3.1 Introduction
3.2 Horizontal flow
3.3 Vertical -Introduction, horizontal flow and vertical flow
4 The concept of a fresh-saline interface 29
4.1 -Badon Ghijben-Herzberg principle
4.8 Evolution -evolution of a freshwater lens in a phreatic aquifer
4.9 -Upconing of saline groundwater
4.10 -Effect of a relative sea level rise
5 Control of salt water intrusion 49
5.1 -Countermeasures to control salt water intrusion
5.2 -Monitoring of salt water intrusion
6 Numerical modelling
6.1 -Introduction
6.2 -Problems with 3D modelling of salt water intrusion
6.3 -Some computer codes
6.5 Examples of numerical modelling with MOCDENS3D
-Vertical interface between fresh and saline groundwater
Saltwater , saltwater pocket in a fresh groundwater environment
-Evolution of a freshwater lens
-Henry's problem
-Hydrocoin, level 1, case 5
Elder problem
7 Salt water intrusion in the Netherlands