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  • Biological databases and data standards

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  • Conferences
  • Outreach
  • Biodiversity Information Standards (wikipedia)
    • Darwin Core standard (DwC), extension of Dublin Core (DC), the most used meta-data standard. DwC is a generic data standard specifically designed for primary biodiversity occurrence data. Visit the DwC reference guide for a description of the used terms.
    • Darwin Core Archive (DwC-A), system to arrange and exchange DwC standardised data. Data files are logically arranged in a star-like manner, with one core data file surrounded by any number of 'extensions'’extensions’. This packaged is then zipped for easy transport and exchange of data. DwC-A allows the inclusion of very specific information attached to standard core data. Metadata are stored in a separate file.
    • ABCD standard (Access to Biological Collections Data), advanced data standard for primary biodiversity data, often used for natural history collections. ABCD includes terms for meta-data.
    • EML standard (Ecological Metadata Language), common standard for metadata on observational, research, monitoring and natural history datacollections. 
  • Data exchange protocols; to mobilise and exchange standardised biodiversity data over the Internet there are several tools and protocols available:
    • IPT, Integrated Publishing Toolkit, easy to use tool for turning data into DwC-A files. The IPT can "publish" datasets with species occurence data, metadata and species checklists.
    • TapirLink, Tapirlink uses the PHP ADOdb library to access different types of relational databases. TapirLink can be used for species occurence data and is based on the DwC standard.
    • Tapir Dot NET
    • BioCASE provider software, xml data binding middleware, is used as an abstraction layer in front of a database. This software can also produce DwC-A files. The BioCASE software is based on the ABCD data standard.
    • OAI-PMH, protocol for harvesting meta-data only.
  • GBIF (Global Biodiversity Information Facility) international organisation building an infrastructure for free and open access to standardised biodiversity data (meta-data and spatio-temporal species occurrence data). The GBIF infrastructure is build on DwC, ABCD and EML. GBIF uses CoL (see below) as backbone taxonomy list.
    • OBIS: marine node of GBIF, uses WoRMS (see below) as backbone taxonomy list. OBIS uses the DwC standard.
    • NLBIF: Dutch node of GBIF. Provides services and support to data owners who want to publish their data online through the infrastruture of GBIF. Note that once data are published in a standardised way for GBIF, both OBIS and EuroBIS harvest the data.  NLBIF hosts and implements IPT's including a tryout account for potential data providers.
  • ICES
  • JNCC : Joint Nature Conservation Committee is the public body that advises the UK Government and devolved administrations on UK-wide and international nature conservation
  • EcoGRID: technology
  • GAN: Dutch Data Authority for the Environment (Gegevensautoriteit Natuur)
    • NDFF: database maintained by GAN (databases). Note that NDDF is not specified according to international standards (DwC and ABCD), but an export facility is foreseen (heard through grapevine).
  • VOFF: data collection, NDFF stores information of various collecting organisations (i.e. FLORON, SOVON, RAVON, EIS, ...)
  • web 2.0 data gathering
  • institutes
    • UvA-IBED: institute with biology
    • VLIZ: institute with marine biology, hosts WoRMS list and EurOBIS database.
    • IMARES: institute with marine biology
    • Alterra: institute with non-marine biology
    • NIOZ: institute with marine biology
    • NIOO: institute with biology
    • Deltares: institute with biology
    • ETI NGO
    • Informatiehuis Marien: Het Informatiehuis Marien (IHM) is een gemeenschappelijk initiatief van de ministeries van Economische Zaken, Landbouw & Innovatie (EL&I), Infrastructuur en Milieu (IenM) en Defensie om de verschillende informatievragen die binnen de mariene partners bestaan, te bundelen en te vereenvoudigen.
  • EU projects:
  • Dutch projects:
  • Telmee: data gathering (only with free login)
  • WaLTER (nog geen website, voor info zie Nieuwsbrief Emares): Waddenfonds project om alle (a)biotische data van de Waddenzee te ontsluiten, te analyseren en de monitoring te herdefinieren.
  • Society for the Management of Electronic Biodiversity Data
  • NODC NL: consortium voor (a)biotische oceanografische data
  • GeoBON
  • Thomson Reuters Biologybrowser
  • Waddenbarometer : trends van (a)biotische en gebruiksindicatoren in het waddengebied.
  • vogeltrekstation
  • EDIT network of 28 major taxonomic institutions
  • Census of Marine Life
  • natura 2000 network
  • Euring number: birds
  • Collaborative web-based workspaces with incl. some biological data: