NOTE!! This pages is outdated and based on old implementations of PyWPS. The written documentation also often causes problems during installation. Please check the page Set up PyWPS in a windows environment with Anaconda.
The PyWPS software was originally developed to use under Linux (Debian). However, it is also possible to use the software in a Windows environment for example for testing purposes. To do so, Apache server has to be installed on the system. For Linux installation see this manual. Note this pages was initially written for PythonXY users. If you use anaconda bear in mind that location is no longer c:\python2.7 but c:\anaconda. Also mind the version of anaconda installed (x86 or x64 bit version).
Make sure Python is pre-installed on your machine, we recommend PythonXY (version 2.7, not 3.x).
After install, start a NEW command line prompt and go to the root and check if :
Python version is 2.7,Result should be like:
C:\>python --version Python 2.7.6
Python package magic is installed and of version 0.4.6 else see Known Installation Issues
C:\>pip show python-magic --- Name: python-magic Version: 0.4.6 PyPi Version: 0.4.6 Location: c:\python27\lib\site-packages home_page: http://github.com/ahupp/python-magic Summary: File type identification using libmagic Requires: Required by(0):
pip install lxml
C:\>pip show lxml --- Name: lxml Version: 3.3.5 PyPi Version: 3.4.0 Location: c:\python27\lib\site-packages home_page: http://lxml.de/ Summary: Powerful and Pythonic XML processing library combining libxml2/libxslt with the ElementTree API. Requires: Extra Require [source]: cython(-) Extra Require [cssselect]: cssselect Extra Require [html5]: html5lib Extra Require [htmlsoup]: beautifulsoup4 Required by(5): html5lib[optional], pandas[html], astropy[optional], astropy[doc ], beautifulsoup4[optional]
Download PyWPS (version 3.2.1, not 3.2.2)
Unpack the contents of PyWPS folder and save the entire folder as
c:\pywps. Such that you have
c:\pywps\wps.py. Check if it works command line in python by navigating to
c:\pywps and execute this command:
C:\>cd pywps C:\pywps>python wps.py PyWPS NoApplicableCode: Locator: None; Value: No query string found. Content-Type: application/xml <?xml version="1.0" encoding="utf-8"?> <ExceptionReport version="1.0.0" xmlns="http://www.opengis.net/ows/1.1" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.opengis.net ows/1.1 http://schemas.opengis.net/ows/1.1.0/owsExceptionReport.xsd"> <Exception exceptionCode="NoApplicableCode"> <ExceptionText>'No query string found.'</ExceptionText> </Exception> </ExceptionReport>
c:\pywps\pywps) into it. If you like you can insert your own information in the file.
under [server] section.
under [server] section.
The path slashes should conform to python conventions, which happen to be the same as the linux slash convention, and not the windows convention. Note that python paths should never end with a slash!.
Navigate to the Apache folder.
If the Apache web server is not installed in your machine yet, download the newest stable release of Apache (https://httpd.apache.org/download.cgi).
After installation, in the Apache folder
c:\Program Files (x86)\Apache Software Foundation\Apache2.2 you find a sub folder called
Create an empty file called
pywps.cgi in this folder and insert the following code in it, after checking the python path (and correcting it: for example if you have Python2.7 installed, the first line should be
#!c:\python27\python.exe): Note for anaconda users this should be #!c:/anaconda/python.exe and the MPLCONFIGDIR should be C:/Anaconda/Lib/site-packages/matplotlib/mpl-data
#!C:\python27\python.exe import sys sys.path.insert(0, r"C:/pywps") import os os.environ['PYWPS_CFG']='C:/pywps/pywps_processes/default.cfg' os.environ['MPLCONFIGDIR']='C:/Python27/Lib/site-packages/matplotlib/mpl-data' # Note that WPS runs as apache user and not as you, so many more user variables might be needed. # Restart Apache after adding one. import wps
Install the PyWPS Python package:
python c:\pywps\setup.py install
c:\pywpsfolder, type install after the location of the setup file and click ok. The PyWPS Python package will now be installed.)
Check if it is installed correctly into python like this :
C:\>pip show pywps --- Name: pywps Version: 3.2.1 PyPi Version: trunk Location: c:\python27\lib\site-packages\pywps-3.2.1-py2.7.egg home_page: http://pywps.wald.intevation.org Summary: PyWPS: Implementation of OGC's Web Processing Service in Python Requires: Required by(0):
Check if cygmagic.dll or cygmagic-1.dll is on your system. If not, install it via installing cygwin (http://cygwin.com/install.html). Install the appropriate version (i.e. 32bit or 64bit). You only need to install the python-magic part of cygwin. If you install all, it is very large (several Gb). You can force installation of python-magic by typing this in the search bar, see window below. NOTE if python-magic does not yield results. Try python2-magic (i.e. Python version for this version of PyWPS).
Set the path to the bin directory of cygwin and copy
cygmagic-1.dll to cygmagic.dll.
NB. If you already have MinGW installed (x86 or x64), you can first try to install python-magic without having to install cygwin.
Test your WPS by starting Apache server and navigate to http://localhost/cgi-bin/pywps.cgi The result should be something similar to this, meaning that the pywps process runs correctly inside the apache web server.
<ExceptionReport xmlns="http://www.opengis.net/ows/1.1" xmlns:xsi="http://www.w3.org/2001/XMLSchema-instance" version="1.0.0" xsi:schemaLocation="http://www.opengis.net/ows/1.1 http://schemas.opengis.net/ows/1.1.0/owsExceptionReport.xsd"> <Exception exceptionCode="NoApplicableCode"> <ExceptionText>'No query string found.'</ExceptionText> </Exception> </ExceptionReport>
Now pywps runs, test for correct WPS behavior in browser using the syntax in WPS Primer. In
c:\pywps\tests\processes some example processes are included, copy its entire contents to the
c:\pywps\pywps_processes folder (that you configured as
c:\pywps\pywps_processes\default.cfg) and find out whether you can get them to run. First test the GetCapabilities request:
<wps:Capabilities service="WPS" version="1.0.0" xml:lang="en-CA" xsi:schemaLocation="http:/opengis.net/wps/1.0.0 http://schemas.opengis.net/wps/1.0.0/wpsGetCapabilities_response.xsd" updateSequence="1"> ... </wps:Capabilities>
and then executing any of the available processes
Now add your own Python processes as WPS by copying your processes to the
c:\pywps\pywps_processes folder too. Use the WPS syntax (Setting up a WPS process using PyWPS) for your python functions as in the copied examples. Change 3 things when adding a new WPS process based on these examples:
If the GetCapabilities request gives you this error
Internal Server Error
in your html browser, please check your apache error.log in
c:\Program Files (x86)\Apache Software Foundation\Apache2.2\logs.
In some cases it might contain this error message
ImportError: No module named magic\r. In this case please manually install the python-magic package from https://github.com/ahupp/python-magic. For your convenience we included a windows distributable win32 Python2.7 version until the official binary is available at github. Restart apache afterwards (type
services in your windows start menu or click small apache icon in icon tray). If you still get errors (
failed to find libmagic in the aforementioned Apache error.log) install cygwin http://cygwin.com/install.html which contains the magic dll. Set the path where the
c:\Program Files (x86)\Cygwin\bin in the windows $PATH environment variable so magic.py can find it (bear in mind that this should be the System Variables Path setting). Now several options are available to solve this issue, these are:
cygmagic-1.dll (rename this to cygmagic.dll!!!!!)
'platform_to_lib =' it should mention between  'magic1.dll'. Complete that list (python list) with 'cygmagic.dll'.
In some cases it might contain this error message : ImportError: No module named Template\r\r ; You probably have installed PyWPS version 3.2.2. Please remove this version and download and install version 3.2.1.
AttributeError: 'exceptions.ImportError' object has no attribute 'replace'\ris caused by the fact that step 7 is not fully followed. So put some processes in your processes folder and try the GetCapabilities again.
//vmware-host/Shared%20Folders/D/instead of simply
Errors like these for import statements in a WPS process, e.g.
import matplotlib causes
PyWPS [2014-03-19 14:58:23,112] WARNING: Could not import processes from 'pywps_processes': ImportError('No module named pwd',)
have to do with the fact that WPS runs under
apache user, so add any required user environmental
c:\Program Files (x86)\Apache Software Foundation\Apache2.2\cgi-bin\pywps.cgi:
Acknowlegdements The first version of this documentation was made by MSc student Joost Boerboom for his thesis, financed by Deltares under the Next Generation Hydro Software program executed for Rijkswaterstaat. Subsequently, this documentation was improved by Deltares in projects EMODnet chemistry, ECOSTRESS and FAST.