### Lectures Density dependent groundwater flow, UNESCO-IHE, Delft, 24-25-26 June 2013

Download: Word doc: Evolution of a freshwater lens in a coastal area
Download: PMWIN files: Evolution of a freshwater lens in a coastal area
Download: Word doc: Henry's problem: salt water intrusion in a coastal area
Download: PMWIN files: Henry's problem: salt water intrusion in a coastal area

### Density Dependent Groundwater Flow, Salt Water Intrusion

Description: Salt Water Intrusion and Heat Transport
Author: Gualbert Oude Essink
Lecture notes: Density Dependent Groundwater Flow

##### PART I Salt water intrusion in coastal aquifers

1 Introduction
2 Characteristics of a density dependen groundwater system
-Chemical characteristics of water
-Equation of motion (Darcy's law), continuity and solute transport
-Boussinesq approximation
-Brine groundwater
-Introduction, horizontal ﬂow and vertical ﬂow
4 The concept of a fresh-saline interface
-Evolution of a freshwater lens in a phreatic aquifer
-Upconing of saline groundwater
-Effect of a relative sea level rise
5 Control of salt water intrusion
-Countermeasures to control salt water intrusion
-Monitoring of salt water intrusion
6 Numerical modelling
-Introduction
-Problems with 3D modelling of salt water intrusion
-Some computer codes, MOCDENS3D
6.5 Examples of numerical modelling with MOCDENS3D
-Vertical interface, saltwater pocket in a fresh groundwater environment
-Evolution of a freshwater lens
-Henry's problem, Hydrocoin, level 1, case 5, Elder problem
7 Salt water intrusion in the Netherlands

##### PART II Heat transport in porous media: concept

8 Introduction
-Heat transport: conduction-convection equation
-Analogy of heat and solute transport
-Linear stability analysis
-Double-diffusive convection

### Groundwater Modelling

Author: Gualbert Oude Essink
Lecture notes: Groundwater Modelling
PART I Modelling Protocol
1 Introduction
2 Classiﬁcation of mathematical models
3 Methodology of modelling
4 Data gathering
PART II Groundwater Modelling
5 Introduction
6 Mathematical description of hydrogeologic processes
7 Solution techniques
8 Numerical aspects of groundwater models
9 Some selected groundwater codes